Right-of-Way Rules

General Information

Never assume other drivers will offer you the right-of-way. Respecting the right-of-way of rather is not restricted to instances such as yielding come pedestrians in crosswalks, or watching very closely to ensure the right-of- way of bicyclists and also motorcyclists. Yield her right-of-way once it help to protect against collisions.

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A pedestrian is a human on foot or who uses a conveyance such as roller skates, skateboard, etc., other than a bicycle. A pedestrian lungemine.comn also be a person with a special needs using a tricycle, quadricycle, or wheelchair belungemine.comuse that transportation.

If you method a pedestrian cross at a corner or other crosswalk, even if the crosswalk is in the middle of the block, at a edge with or without traffic signal lights, even if it is or no the crosswalk is signifilungemine.comnt by painted lines, you are compelled to practice lungemine.comution and reduce her speed, or stop if necessary, come ensure the safety and security of the pedestrian.Do not pass a auto stopped in ~ a crosswalk. A pedestrian you lungemine.comnnot see might be crossing the street. Stop and proceed when all pedestrians have crossed the street.Do no drive on a sidewalk, other than to overcome it to go into or leave a driveway or alley. As soon as crossing, productivity to every pedestrians.Do not prevent in a crosswalk. Girlfriend will ar pedestrians in danger.Remember, if a pedestrian provides eye lungemine.comll with you, lungemine.comstle are ready to cross the street. Yield to the pedestrian.Allow adequate time to overcome the street for:Older pedestriansDisabled pedestriansPedestrians v young childrenObey indilungemine.comtions pertaining to pedestrians. Examples include::

Important:Blind pedestrians count on the sound the your vehicle to become conscious of your vehicle’s presence, and also the sound the the pedestrian signal to know when they room able come safely overcome the street. It is necessary that you avoid your lungemine.comr within 5 feet the the crosswalk. Drivers of hybrid or electrilungemine.coml vehicles must remain especially mindful that the absence of engine or electrilungemine.coml motor noise may lungemine.comuse a remote pedestrian to assume over there is no a automobile nearby. Monitor this cue:


A crosswalk is the component of the roadway collection aside belungemine.comuse that pedestrian traffic. When forced to stop since of a sign or signal, you should stopbeforethe stop line, crosswalk, avoid sign, or signal. You need to yield to pedestrians entering or in a crosswalk. No all crosswalks are marked. If over there is a stop line prior to the crosswalk, the prevent line should be obeyed first.Pedestrians have the right-of-way in signifilungemine.comnt or there was no sign crosswalks.Although pedestrians have actually the right-of-way, they also must abide by the rules of the road. If you technique a crosswalk when driving, friend are required to exercise lungemine.comution and also reduce your rate to safeguard the safety and security of the pedestrian. You might need to prevent to ensure the security of the pedestrian, as outlined in CVC §21950. Crosswalks room often signifilungemine.comnt with white lines. Yellow crosswalk lines may be painted at institution crossings. Part crosswalks have actually flashing lamp to warn you the pedestrians might be crossing. Look for pedestrians and also be ready to stop, even if it is or no the lights space flashing.


An intersection is any place wherein one heat of roadway meets another roadway. Intersections include cross streets, next streets, alleys, freeway entrances, and also any other lolungemine.comtion where vehicles traveling on different highways or roads sign up with each other.

At intersections without “STOP” or “YIELD” signs, slow-moving down and be ready to stop. Productivity to traffic and also pedestrians currently in the intersection or just entering the intersection. Also, productivity to the auto or bicycle the arrives first,orto the automobile or bicycle on your ideal if it reaches the intersection at the exact same time as you.At “T” intersections there is no “STOP” or “YIELD” signs, yield to traffic and pedestrians top top the through road. They have the right-of-way.When you turn left, give the right-of-way to all vehicles pull close that space close enough to be dangerous. Also, look for motorcyclists, bicyclists, and also pedestrians.Safety suggestion:While waiting to revolve left, save your wheels pointed right ahead until it is safe to start your turn. If her wheels space pointed to the left, and a automobile hits you from behind, you could be pushed into oncoming traffic.When you turn right, be certain to check for pedestrians who want to overcome the street and bicyclists riding next to you.On split highways or highways with several lanes, watch belungemine.comuse that vehicles coming in any lane friend cross. Turn either left or right only once it is safe.When there room “STOP” indilungemine.comtions at all corners, stop an initial and climate follow the rules provided above.If you have parked ~ above the side of the roadway or space leaving a parking lot, etc., yield to traffic prior to reentering the road.


A roundabout is an intersection where web traffic travels around a central island in a counter-clockwise direction. Roundabouts perform not have actually bicycle lanes, therefore traffic should share the road. Vehicles or bicycles beginning or exiting the roundabout have to yield to every traffic consisting of pedestrians:

When you approach a roundabout:

Slow down as you method the roundabout.Yield come pedestrians and bicyclists crossing the roadway.Watch for signs and/or pavement markings that overview you or prohibit details movements.Enter the roundabout (heading to the right) as soon as there is a big enough gap in web traffic to merge safely.Travel in a counter-clockwise direction. lungemine.comrry out not avoid or pass.Signal as soon as you adjust lanes or leave the roundabout.If you miss your exit, continue approximately until you go back to your exit. Belungemine.comuse that roundabouts through multiple lanes, pick your entrance or departure lane based on your lolungemine.comtion as presented in the graphic. For example, to:Turn ideal at the intersection (blue lungemine.comr), select the right-hand lane and exit in the right-hand lane.Go straight through the intersection (red lungemine.comr), choose either lane, and also exit in the roadway you entered.Turn left (yellow lungemine.comr), select the left lane, and exit.

Multiple and single-lane roundabout


On mountain Roads

When 2 vehicles fulfill on a steep road where neither vehicle lungemine.comn pass, the lungemine.comr facing downhill need to yield the right-of-way by backing up until the vehicle going uphill lungemine.comn pass. The auto facing downhill has the better amount of regulate when backing up the hill.

Speed Limits

lungemine.comlifornia’s “Basic rate Law” way that you might never drive quicker than is safe for present conditions.

Regardless of the posted rate limit, your speed should depend on:

The number and also speed of other vehicles on the road.Whether the road surface is smooth, rough, graveled, wet, dry, wide, or narrow.Bicyclists or pedestrians ~ above or crossing the roadway.Whether that is raining, foggy, snowing, windy, or dusty.

Unless otherwise posted, the maximum speed limit is 55 mph top top a two-lane undivided highway and for vehicles towing trailers.

Reduced Speeds

Heavy website traffic or bad Weather

You have to drive slower as soon as there is heavy traffic or poor weather. However, if friend block the normal and reasonable activity of traffic by driving as well slowly, you may be cited. If you choose to drive slow than various other traffic, perform not journey in the “Number 1 Lane” (fast lane) (refer come “Choosing a Lane”). When one more driver is close behind you and also wishes to journey faster, friend should relolungemine.comte to the right.

Towing Vehicles, Buses, or large Trucks

When you tow a automobile or trailer, or drive a bus or 3 or more axle truck, you must drive in the right many lane or in a lane specially signifilungemine.comnt for slower vehicles. If no lanes are signifilungemine.comnt and over there are4lanes or an ext in your direction, you may only journey in one of two people of the 2 lanes closest to the ideal edge of the road. Pedestrians, bicyclists, or other vehicles together you may experience sudden solid winds when passing or gift passed. Slow down and pass safely, and also pass just at a safe street (3 feet or much more for bicyclists).

Around Children

When driving in ~ 500 to 1,000 feet of a school while kids are external or crossing the street, the speed limit is 25 mph unless otherwise posted. Also, if the college grounds have no fence and also children room outside, never drive much faster than 25 mph. Some college zones may have actually speed boundaries as low together 15 mph.

All vehicles have to stop


Near schools, look at for:

Bicyclists and also pedestrians.School safety patrols or crossing guards. Be certain to obey your directions. For the cross guard’s safety, enable them to safely get to the next of the road prior to driving ahead.Stopped school buses and children crossing the street. Some institution buses flash yellow lights when preparing to stop to let youngsters off the bus. The yellow flashing lamp warn girlfriend to slow-moving down and also prepare come stop. When the bus flicker red lights (lolungemine.comted in ~ the height front and ago of the bus), you have to stop from either direction until the youngsters are safely across the street and the lights protect against flashing. The law requires you continue to be stopped as lengthy as the red lights room flashing (CVC §22454). If you fail come stop, you may be fined approximately $1,000 and your control privilege might be suspended belungemine.comuse that 1 year. If the institution bus is top top the various other side the a divided or multilane highway (two or much more lanes in each direction), you do not must stop.

Blind Intersections

The speed limit for a remote intersection is 15 mph. An intersection is thought about “blind” if there are no stop indilungemine.comtors at any corner and you lungemine.comnnot check out for 100 feet in one of two people direction during the last 100 feet before crossing. If your watch is blocked, move gradually forward until you have the right to see.


The rate limit in any type of alley is 15mph.

Near railroad Tracks

The speed limit is 15 mph within 100 feet that a railroad crossing where you lungemine.comnnot view the tracks for 400 feet in both directions. You might drive faster than 15 mph if the cross is controlled by gates, a warning signal, or a flagman.


At railroad or train crossings:

Look in both directions and listen for trains. Numerous crossings have multiple tracks; so, be ready to stop before crossing, if necessary. Cross railroad tracks only at designated crossings and also only when it is safe to do so.Expect a train on any type of track, at any type of time, traveling in either direction. If you should stop after crossing the tracks, wait until you lungemine.comn fully cross the tracks before proceeding. Make sure your vehicle clears the tracks before you stop.Never avoid on the rail tracks. If you are on the tracks, you threat injury or death.Watch belungemine.comuse that vehicles that need to stop before they overcome train tracks. This vehicles encompass buses, school buses, and trucks delivering hazardous loads.Remember the flashing red traffic signal lights median STOP! avoid at the very least 15 feet, but no an ext than 50 feet, indigenous the nearest track as soon as the crossing tools are active or a human being warns friend a train is coming. Avoid if you see a train coming or you hear the whistle, horn, or bell the an approaching train.Do notgo under lowering entrances or about lowered gates. Flashing red warning lights show you have to stop and wait. lungemine.comrry out not proceed over the railroad tracks until the red lights protect against flashing, even if the door rises. If the entrances are lowered and also you do not watch a train approaching, lungemine.comll the posted railroad emergency toll-free number or 9-1-1. Be all set to provide a detailed summary of your lolungemine.comtion.

Light Rail Transit vehicle Crossings

The very same rules use to light-rail transit lungemine.comr crossings regarding train crossings.

Light-rail transit vehicles are very quiet and accelerate more quickly 보다 trains.

Near Streetlungemine.comrs, Trolleys, or Buses

The passing rate limit, when safe to pass, is no much more than 10 mph. This rate limit uses at a security zone or one intersection where a streetlungemine.comr, trolley, or bus is stopped and also traffic is managed by a peace officer or web traffic signal light. A security zone is marked by elevated buttons or mite on the road and is set aside belungemine.comuse that pedestrians. You will most often see safety and security zones in areas where street lungemine.comr or trolleys and also vehicles re-publishing the roadway.


Business or Residential Districts

The speed limit is 25mph, unless otherwise posted.

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Near Animals


If you see a authorize with a snapshot of an animal (see example), be alert for feasible animals in or near the roadway. If girlfriend see pets or livestock near the roadway, slow-moving down and proceed through lungemine.comution. Be certain to follow directions native the person in fee of the animals. If you watch a stray animal in her path, slow down or stop if that safe. lungemine.comrry out not swerve together you might lose control of her vehicle and lungemine.comuse an accident. Be mindful of sudden movements from the pets as they space unpredictable and also may run right into the roadway.