Francis Sumner, PhD

Francis Sumner, PhD, is referred to as the “Father of black color Psychology” since he to be the very first African American to get a PhD level in psychology.Sumner was born in Arkansas in 1895. As a teenager there is no a high college education, he had the ability to pass an entrance exam to Lincoln University and graduate magna cum laude with honors. He later enrolled at Clark college to seek a bachelor of arts in English in 1916. After ~ graduation he returned to Lincoln together a graduate student and also was mentored by Stanley Hall. Back he was approved as a doctor candidate, he might not begin his doctoral dissertation due to the fact that he to be drafted into the military during people War I.

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Upon returning from the war, the reenrolled in the doctoral regimen at Clark and also in 1920 his dissertation title "Psychoanalysis the Freud and Adler" was accepted. Sumner became a professor at assorted universities and managed come publish several posts despite the refusal of research study agencies to provide funding for him because of his color.

He to be interested in knowledge racial bias and supporting educational justice. Sumner is likewise credited as among the co-founder of the psychology department at Howard University, which that chaired native 1928 until his death in 1954.

ReferenceThomas, R. (2006). "Sumner, Francis Cecil." african American national Biography, edited by Henry Louis gateways Jr, edited by Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham. Oxford afri American researches Center.


Inez Beverly Prosser, PhD

Inez Beverly Prosser, PhD, to be the very first African American mrs to get her doctoral degree in psychology. Prosser to be born in Texas in 1895. After ~ graduating indigenous high school, she perfect a to teach certification and also taught in the Texas segregated college systems. She got her bachelor of arts in education in 1924 and also her master’s in educational psychology from the university of Colorado. Prosser accepted faculty and administrative positions before deciding to seek her doctorate.

In 1933, she graduated from the college of Cincinnati v her doctor in education psychology. Her dissertation, "The Non-Academic breakthrough of Negro youngsters in Mixed and Segregated Schools," received much acknowledgment. She findings revealed that black color students benefited much more in segregated schools due to the fact that they were much more likely to get affection, support and a balanced curriculum versus an combined school wherein they were most likely to have troubles adjusting academically, socially and also in accepting their identity.

Tragically, Dr. Prosser died in a auto accident one year after ~ she obtained her PhD. However, throughout her career she encouraged plenty of black students come pursue higher education and her occupational was significant in the Brown v. Board of Education supreme Court decision that later on took ar in 1954.

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ReferenceMiller, J. (2006). "Prosser, Inez Beverly." african American national Biography, edited by Henry Louis gates Jr, edited through Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham. Oxford afri American researches Center.