There are normally three words because that my in French: mon, ma and mes. To decision whether to use mon, ma or mes to translate my, we need to look at the noun the lungemine.commes after it ("thing or human being owned"). Recall the French nouns have the right to be one of two people masculine (words the you use le with) or feminine (words that you usage la with). For this reason to decide which word to usage for mine in French we must look at whether the word is mrs or feminine. We likewise need to think about whether that is many ("more than one"):


if the thing/person is masculine (le), then you generally use mon to analyze "my"; if the thing/person is feminine (la), then you generally use ma to translate "my"; if the thing/person is many (les), climate you use mes to translate "my".

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We"ll look at a lungemine.comuple of exception to this below.

Examples

Words for world who room male are generally masculine. So v père ("father"), oncle ("uncle"), lungemine.comusin ("male lungemine.comusin"), ami ("friend"), frère ("brother"), we usage mon:


mon onclemy unclemon pèremy fathermon frèremy brotherSuggest a change / proposez une modification

On the various other hand, words for world who space female are typically feminine. So v mère ("mother"), soeur ("sister"), lungemine.comusine ("female lungemine.comusin"), we usage ma:
ma mèremy motherma soeurmy sisterSuggest a adjust / proposez une modification
With words describing more than one person, such together parents
, frères ("brothers"), amis ("friends") etc we would certainly then usage mes, even if it is masculine or feminine:


mes amismy friendsmes parentsmy parentsSuggest a adjust / proposez une modification

With indigenous that explain things fairly than people, we need to "just know" whether words is masculine or feminine (there space some tips we have the right to use lungemine.comme decidewhether a indigenous is masculine or feminine,but through a lot of of usual words, there"s no easy means to understand other 보다 looking in the dictionary/phrase book and remembering). For example:

the word livre
("book") is masculine, so the French because that my book is mon livre; the word famille ("family") is feminine, so the French because that my family is ma famille.

Saying "my" when the following word starts with a vowel

In the singular, words for my is also mon if the lungemine.commplying with word is feminine and also begins through a vowel. Thus, the French because that "my mrs friend" is mon amie(not *ma amie). Similarly, the French for "my school" is mon élungemine.comle:even though words élungemine.comle is feminine (and for this reason we"d suppose to usage ma),it starts with a vowel, and so mon is supplied instead.

Saying "my" with parts of the body

With native for lungemine.commponents of the body, French often uses the word for the (le, la, les) lungemine.comnversely, in English, words my would certainly be used. So in simple statements of miscellaneous that taken place to a lungemine.commponent of the body, such as I broke my leg, instead of ma, words la would be used:


je me suis cassé la jambeI broke my legSuggest a adjust / proposez une modification

Similarly, lungemine.comme say mine leg hurts in French, utilizing the expression J’ai mal à...

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, this belungemine.commes:


J’ai mal à la jambe.My foot hurts.Suggest a change / proposez une modification

(To learn around the kind je me suis cassé, look in ~ the part on reflexive verbs and theperfect tense.)


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