Sooner or later, you’re walking to have to master how to asking a concern in Japanese. After all, knowing just how to asking “What” in Japanese — as in “What’s this?” — is a lifesaver when you an initial start discovering the language.
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Besides that, questions are exactly how you develop meaningful conversations v others. If you can not ask questions around them, how can you gain to understand them?
So not only am i going to cover the straightforward Who/What/When/Where/Why/How native in Japanese, but I’m additionally going to give you instances of just how to usage them in usual sentences. Plus, ok share some of the most typical Japanese concern phrases you’ll need to know.
So, let’s job-related on structure your conversation an abilities together with this list of Japanese concern words!
Asking a inquiry in Japanese
First, let’s know how to ask and type a question in Japanese.
“Question” in Japanese is 質問 (shitsumon). You have the right to say 質問があります (shitsumon ga arimasu), which method “I have actually a question.” Or, politely ask “May i ask a question” with: 質問していいですか？ (Shitsumon shite ii desu ka?).
The verb, “to ask” have the right to be stated a couple of different ways. You can use 質問する (shitsumon suru), 尋ねる (tazuneru), or 聞く (kiku). This are offered in slightly different ways, though.
質問する is used much more like “to make a question.” 尋ねる way “to ask” and also it’s much more on the formal side. 聞く, top top the other hand, is the one you’ll hear the most for “to ask.”
But any type of sentence have the right to be turned right into a question merely by adding the bit か to the end!
勉強していますか。Benkyou shite imasu ka“Are girlfriend studying?”
A quick note here. Since か is the “?” at the finish of the sentence, you nothing actually need a concern mark. You have the right to still usage one, yet it’s much much more common and also correct to usage the Japanese maru 。
You use the question note in writing as soon as you space talking casually, and also it’s typically a word you would say top top its very own with a raised intonation to note the question.
Here’s the last point to understand when forming a sentence in Japanese. Most question native are associated with the fragment が (ga) before them. For this reason the grammar structure is (noun or noun phrase) + が + (question word) + (verb) + か.
An example: スマホがどこですか。(Sumaho ga doko desu ka) That means “Where is my smartphone?” Sumaho is the noun + particle ga + question word doko + verb desu + question bit ka.
Japanese concern Words: The Basics
Here room the simple and most typical Japanese inquiry words you will do it hear. These will certainly be invaluable to memorize, for this reason you have the right to ask exactly how to to speak things, wherein something is, and also when to meet someone.
What in Japanese – 何
“What” in Japanese is 何, review both “nan” and “nani.” right here are some examples:
お名前は何ですか。Onamae wa nan desu ka.“What’s her name?”
何？聞けなった。Nani? Kikenatta.“What? ns didn’t hear you.”
You can also attach particles to 何 to make various other common, advantageous terms. 何か (nanika) method “something” when 何も (nanimo) method “nothing.” friend can also use でも to make 何でも for “anything.” at sight useful!
Who in Japanese – 誰
To ask “who,” you use the question word 誰 (dare). You can also just speak 誰？ come ask “Who space you?” in Japanese… yet that’s informal and not an extremely polite.
Here space some means to use it:
誰ですか。Dare desu ka“Who is it?”
誰と話していたの？Dare come hanashite ita no?“Who were you talking to?”
Like 何, girlfriend can also combine 誰 v the corpuscle も, でも, and also か come make brand-new words:誰も (daremo) – “everybody”, or “nobody” when used with a an unfavorable statement誰でも (daredemo) – “anybody”誰か (dareka) – “somebody”
Why in Japanese – どうして
There space actually three methods to asking “why” in Japanese, however they all mean almost the same thing.
First, どうして (doushite). This method “why” and is the most standard. It’s no formal or informal, for this reason it’s perfect for most situations.
なぜ means “why” or “how come.” The nuance right here is it’s used in much more formal situations, or in writing.
なんで is the many casual and used between friends and also family. It method “why” or “for what reason.” It’s also used together a conversation filler for as soon as you forget the word, type of like “Ah, what is it again…”
Here space some examples with each:どうしてとても眠いですか。Doushite totemo nemui desu ka“Why room you therefore sleepy?”
なんでめっちゃ可愛いの❣Nande meccha kawaii no“Why is the so cute??”
なぜですか。Naze desu ka“Why is that?” (Polite)
There are likewise some sports of どうして v particles, yet it changes the meaning quite a bit. Lock are:どうしても (doushitemo) – “No issue what”どうしてか (doushiteka) – “For some reason”どうしてかな (doushite kana) – “I wonder why”
When in Japanese – いつ
いつ (itsu) is “when” in Japanese. When you affix the fragment も, it becomes いつも (itsumo), an interpretation “always.”
You can likewise use いつでも (itsudemo) for “anytime” and also いつか (itsuka) for “sometimes.”
誕生日はいつですか。Tanjoubi wa itsu desu ka“When is your birthday?”
Where in Japanese – どこ
Need directions? lost something and also wondering whereby it went? usage どこ (doko) to ask “where” in Japanese.
Let"s take it a look in ~ the question word + fragment combos here:どこも (dokomo) – “everywhere”, or “nowhere” when used in a an adverse sentenceどこでも (dokodemo) – “anywhere”どこか (dokoka) – “somewhere”
駅がどこですか。Eki ga doko desu ka“Where is the train station?”
How in Japanese – どう
どう (dou) is “how” in Japanese.
You can add on come this one, too. どうか (douka) is “somehow” and どうでも is “anyhow” or “no issue what.” But since there’s no such thing as “everyhow”, adding the も bit to this one would revolve it into “thanks” — どうも (doumo).
どうすればよいですか。Dou sureba yoi desu ka“How perform I do this?”
Which in Japanese – どちら
You can use どちら (dochira) come ask “which” or “which way” to go. But, come ask “which one”, you would certainly use the word どれ (dore).
And v the particles:どちらも (dochiramo) – “both”どちらでも (dochirademo) – “either”どちらか (dochiraka) – “which one” or “one way” as soon as choosing between two options
どちらを選びますか。Dochira wo erabimasu ka“Which will certainly you choose?”
Hopefully, friend see just how the particles adjust each inquiry word. Including -も renders it the extreme – “every” or “always.” -でも makes it “any.” and -か transforms it into “some.”
Japanese inquiries Words list with common Questions
Now let’s cover some typical questions you may be wondering just how to ask!
“What is this?” In Japanese
これは何ですか (kore wa nan desu ka) is one of the most helpful phrases you can learn. If you nothing know exactly how to speak something in Japanese, ask making use of that expression to ask what that is.
Similarly, you have the right to say それは何ですか (sore wa nan desu ka) to ask “What’s that?” or “What is it?” in Japanese. The only distinction is これ method “this” and それ method “that.”
These 2 phrases are also useful:これは日本語で何と言いますか。Kore wa nihongo de nan to iimasu ka“How carry out you speak this in Japanese?”
日本語では何ですか。*Nihongo de _ wa nan desu ka*“What is __ in Japanese?”
“How much?” in Japanese
To ask the price the something, you deserve to use いくら (ikura) because that “how much?” for “how many” you usage いくつ (ikutsu).
いくら必要ですか。Ikura hitsuyou desu ka“How lot do you need?”
いくつ持っていますか。Ikutsu motte imasu ka“How plenty of do you have?”
“Where room you?” in Japanese
Looking for someone in a crowd? contact them on their スマホ (sumaho, “smartphone”) and ask どこにいますか (doko ni imasu ka). Which means, “Where room you?”
You could likewise ask concerns like:どこに住んでいますか (doko ni sunde imasu ka) – “Where perform you live?”どこで働いていますか (doko de hataraite imasu ka) – “Where execute you work?”トイレがどこですか (toire ga doko desu ka) – “Where is the bathroom?”
“Where are you from?” in Japanese
出身がどちらですか (shusshin ga dochira desu ka) way “Where space you from?” in Japanese, or “Which is her hometown?” It sounds a bit odd translated straight into English, however many world often ask where you’re initially from. Even in Japan, due to the fact that so many people move to Tokyo from everywhere the country.
Some other questions you have the right to ask to get to know others:趣味は何ですか (Shumi wa nan desu ka) – “What room your hobbies?”何歳ですか (Nansai desu ka) – “How old are you?”仕事は何ですか (Shigoto wa nan desu ka) – “Where perform you work?”
“How space you?” In Japanese
“How space you?” in Japanese is お元気ですか (o-genki desu ka). It literally method “Are friend well?” There’s one more phrase you’ll periodically hear, too: いかがですか (ikaga desu ka). The still means “How are you?” but can likewise mean “How’s it going?” and be applied to other topics, choose a job-related project. Both phrases space on the officially side.
You deserve to ask “How was your day” with the phrase 今日はどうでしたか (kyou wa dou deshita ka).
One thing to note, though, is that it’s not usual to ask お元気ですか prefer it is in English. Japanese world use this phrase only as soon as it’s been a while since they’ve seen the other person. And in that case, they speak it in previous tense: お元気でしたか (o-genki deshita ka).
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“Are you…” in Japanese
A simple sentence pattern for asking inquiries is _ ですか (_ desu ka). You deserve to ask “Are you…” in Japanese through this phrase. Like:日本人ですか (Nihonjin desu ka) – “Are girlfriend Japanese?”大丈夫ですか (Daijoubu desu ka) – “Are friend okay?”作家ですか (Sakka desu ka) – “Are girlfriend a writer?”
This just works with nouns, since verbs conjugate on your own. Yet it’s a very helpful, simple pattern!
Ask All the questions in Japanese!
Now you’ve learned a lot of of ways to asking questions, as well as the grammar and straightforward Japanese inquiries words. So walk out, satisfy some new Japanese friends, and start asking away!
Make sure to likewise learn every the core Japanese indigenous to absent off her vocabulary skills. And, the crucial Japanese unit volume to start speaking right now.