You are watching: Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space
What are the key states the matter? Everyone have to know around solids, liquids, gases, and also plasmas. Researchers have constantly known about solids, liquids, and gases. Plasma to be a brand-new idea when it was established by william Crookes in 1879. We additionally like to talk around the Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC). It’s a fun state of matter when girlfriend remove almost all energy from a system. The researchers (Cornell, Ketterle, and also Wieman) who worked with the Bose-Einstein condensate got a Nobel Prize for their occupational in 2001.What makes a state that matter? It"s all about the physical state and energy in the atoms and also molecules. Think about solids. Physics properties the a solid often encompass "hard" and "brittle." Liquids are fluidy, move around a little, and fill increase containers. Gases are constantly around you, yet the molecule of a gas are lot farther apart 보다 the molecule in a liquid. If a gas has an odor, you will do it often have the ability to smell it prior to you have the right to see it. The BEC is all around atoms that are closer and also less energetic than atoms in a solid. Changing States of Matter
What is a physical adjust in matter? Molecules have the right to move native one physical state to one more (phase change) and not change their atomic structure. Oxygen (O2) gas has actually the very same chemical properties together liquid oxygen. The fluid state is colder and also denser (less energy), however the molecules room the same. Water (H2O) is one more example. A water molecule is made up of two hydrogen (H) atoms and also one oxygen (O) atom. It has the very same molecular framework whether the is a gas, liquid, or solid. Return its physical state may adjust because the different amounts of energy, its atomic structure remains the same.So what is a chemical change in matter? Let"s begin with the glass the pure water. If the formula of water were to change, that would be a chemistry change. If friend could include a 2nd oxygen atom to a water (H2O) molecule, girlfriend would have actually hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The molecules would not it is in "water" anymore. In reality, there are a range of measures that go into producing hydrogen peroxide indigenous water. Physical changes are associated to changes in the instant environment such together temperature, pressure, and other physics forces. Chemical alters occur once the bonds in between atoms in a compound are produced or destroyed. Generally, the basic chemical structure does not change when there is a physical change. Of course, in extreme environments such as the Sun, no molecule is for sure from destruction.
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