Summary: chapter 12

By this time, Jem has actually reached the age of twelve, and he starts to need that scout “stop pestering him” and act more like a girl. Scout i do not care upset and also looks front desperately to Dill’s come in the summer. Come Scout’s disappointment, however, Dill walk not involved Maycomb this year. He sends a letter saying the he has a new father (presumably, his mother has remarried) and will remain with his family members in Meridian. To do matters worse, the state legislature, of i beg your pardon Atticus is a member, is referred to as into session, forcing Atticus to travel to the state resources every job for 2 weeks.

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Calpurnia decides to take it the youngsters to her church, a “colored” church, the Sunday. Maycomb’s black color church is an old building, called first Purchase since it to be bought through the an initial earnings the freed slaves. One woman, Lula, criticizes Calpurnia for bringing white kids to church, but the congregation is typically friendly, and also Reverend Sykes welcomes them, saying that everyone knows your father. The church has no money for hymnals, and couple of of the parishioners can read, therefore they sing by echoing the words that Zeebo, Calpurnia’s eldest son and also the city garbage collector, reads native their just hymnal. Throughout the service, Reverend Sykes takes increase a arsenal for Tom Robinson’s wife, Helen, that cannot discover work currently that her husband has been accused that rape. After the service, reconnaissance learns that Tom Robinson has been accused by Bob Ewell and cannot know why everyone would think the Ewells’ word. As soon as the children return home, they uncover Aunt Alexandra wait for them.

Summary: chapter 13

Aunt Alexandra describes that she have to stay through the kids for a while, to provide them a “feminine influence.” Maycomb gives her a good welcome: miscellaneous ladies in the city bake her cakes and also have she over because that coffee, and also she soon becomes an integral part of the town’s social life. Alexandra is incredibly proud the the Finches and spends much of her time stating the qualities of the various households in Maycomb. This “family consciousness” is an integral part of life in Maycomb, an old town where the same households have lived for generations, whereby every household has that is quirks and eccentricities. However, Jem and also Scout absence the pride that Aunt Alexandra considers commensurate v being a Finch. She order Atticus come lecture castle on the topic of their ancestry. He provides a valiant attempt yet succeeds just in making reconnaissance cry.

Analysis: Chapters 12–13

Dill’s absence from Maycomb coincides as necessary with the ongoing encroachment the the adult world upon Scout’s childhood, as Dill has represented the view of childhood transparent the novel. Scout’s trip to Calpurnia’s church is the reader’s very first glimpse that the Black neighborhood in Maycomb, i m sorry is depicted in an overwhelmingly optimistic light. An air of desperate poverty hangs over the church—the building is unpainted, they can not afford hymnals, and the congregation is illiterate—yet the adversity appears to lug the people closer together and creates a stronger sense of neighborhood than is uncovered in Scout’s own church. The devotion of the black church contrasts starkly v the hypocrisy the the white ladies’ missionary circle the Scout attends in thing 24. There, among the missionary ladies, Mrs. Merriweather, bemoans the plight that the oppressed indigenous world of Africa in ~ the exact same time that she complains around how moody Maycomb’s black citizensare.

In addition, Lee introduces the Black ar at a critical moment in the narrative—just together race relationships in Maycomb are thrown into situation by the attempt of Tom Robinson. By emphasizing the goodness and solidarity of the black community, Lee casts the racism rampant amongst Maycomb’s whites in very harsh and also ugly light. One of the key moral themes that the novel is that of sympathy and understanding, Atticus’s tenet that Scout must always shot to put herself in who else’s shoes before she judges them. Lee permits us to recognize with the Black neighborhood in a method that provides the townspeople’s unwillingness to perform so it seems to be ~ mean-spirited and stubborn. Simply since of their racial prejudice, the townspeople are ready to accept the word of the cruel, ignorant Bob Ewell over that of a decentBlack man. If the novel’s main theme entails the risk that evil and also hatred pose to innocence and goodness, it becomes clear that ignorant, unsympathetic racial prejudice will be the predominant incarnation that evil and also hatred, together the childhood innocence the Scout and Jem is thrown into crisis by the circumstances of the trial.

The visit to the church bring Calpurnia to center stage in the novel. She character serves as the bridge in between two worlds, and also the reader develops a sense of her double life, i beg your pardon is split between the Finch household and also the black community. As soon as she goes to church, she language changes; she speak in a “colored” language rather 보다 the proper, precise language the she supplies in Atticus’s household. Jem asks she why, and also she describes that the churchgoers would think she to be “puttin’ top top airs fit come beat Moses” if she spoke “white” in church. This decided demonstrates the gulf in between Black peopleand white peoplein Maycomb: not only do course distinctions and also bigotry divide the two races, but language does as well.

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Aunt Alexandra, meanwhile, takes over the Finch household and imposes she vision of society order. Through her strictly notions of class and also her habit of heralding what’s finest for the family, she naturally clashes through Calpurnia, whose presence she deems unnecessary, and Scout, who desires no part of what her aunt represents—namely, respectable southern womanhood. The reader might side with Scout in ~ this juncture and consider Aunt Alexandra inflexible and narrow-minded, yet (like many of the book’s characters) she has numerous redeeming qualities. She might not have her brother’s fierce yearning because that justice or his parenting abilities, but her eagerness to rear Jem and Scout properly and her proud in the Finch name demonstrate that she care deeply about her family.