Key Points

The Gupta realm flourished under Chandragupta II, but started to falter under his son, Kumaragupta, and grandson, Skandagupta.The Huna People, also known as Huns, got into Gupta territory and caused far-ranging damage come the empire.The Gupta realm ended in 550 CE, when it degenerated into local kingdoms after a series of weak rulers and also invasions indigenous the east, west, and north.

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A central Asian Xionite people that consisted of four hordes that repeatedly got into Gupta territory, and helped reason the downfall of the Gupta Empire.


Son the Kumaragupta I; the emperor of the Gupta empire from c. 455-467 CE.

Kumaragupta I

Son that Chandragupta II; the emperor of the Gupta dynasty from c. 415-455 CE.

Chandragupta II

The emperor that the Gupta empire of old India indigenous c. 380-415 CE.

The Gupta empire flourished, in military and territorial conquests too as social and scholastic advancements, throughout the power of Emperor Chandragupta II. Yet the succeeding rulers, beginning with Kumaragupta I and also then Skandagupta, oversaw the eventual end of the Gupta empire through army defeats, devalued money and withering leadership.


In 415 CE, Chandragupta II was succeeded by his second son, Kumaragupta I, who ruled properly until 455 CE. The so late years of his reign, however, challenged difficulties. The Pushyamitras, a tribe of central India, increased up in rebellion against Kumaragupta, if Gupta regions were invaded by the west Huna people, also known together White Huns.

Kumaragupta beat both groups and also celebrated his win by performing the royal Vedic ritual of Ashwamedha, or horse sacrifice, which had previously to be performed through his grandfather, Emperor Samudragupta, to celebrate his own good military victories.


Coin the Kumaragupta I. A silver coin native the reign of Gupta Emperor Kumaragupta I, c. 415-455 CE.

As his grandfather and also father did before him, Kumaragupta also issued news coins to mark his reign. They to be stamped with images of his namesake god, lord Kumara, related to by Hindus as Regent the Earth.


Upon Kumaragupta’s death in 455 CE, his son, Skandagupta, suspect the throne and ruled till c. 467 CE. That is thought about the last of the good Gupta rulers prior to the fallen of the empire.

Skandagupta, that was commemorated as a good warrior for his victorious clashes through the Huns throughout his father’s reign, defeated several rebellions and also external risks from the Huna people, especially an intrusion in 455 CE. Return victorious, the prices of the wars against the Hunas drained the empire’s resources. The worth of the coinage issued under Skandagupta coming to be severely reduced.


Coin that Skandagupta. A coin emblazoned v the image of Gupta empire Emperor Skandagupta, that ruled c. 455-467 CE.

The Huna and Gupta’s Demise

The Huna were a central Asian Xionite people that had four hordes: north Huna, additionally known together the black Huns; southern Huna, the Red Huns; east Huna, the Celestial Huns; and the White Huns, the west Huna. The White Huns, those who got into the Gupta Empire during the power of Kumaragupta, were also known as the Hephthalites, and also caused an excellent damage to the failing Gupta Empire. Skandagupta died in 467 CE, and was adhered to onto the throne by his half-brother, Purugupta, who ruled indigenous 467-473 CE.

Thereafter come a succession of weak kings, start with Kumaragupta II indigenous 473-476 CE, adhered to by Budhagupta, the son of Purugupta. The Hephthalites broke through the Gupta military defenses in the northwest in the 480s, during the regime of Budhagupta, and by 500 CE much of the empire in northwest was overrun by the Huna.

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The realm thereafter disintegrated into numerous regional kingdoms, ruled by chieftains. A minor line of the Gupta Clan ongoing to preeminence Magadha, among the 16 Indian Mahajanapadas, or “Great Countries,” yet the Gupta empire fell by 550 CE.