I"ve been trained come use words ground and the ground symbol
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to describe the earth, the dirt on which we stand.

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Circuit usual is taken into consideration to it is in a separate concept, v the symbol

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My expertise is the "ground" method that the node can and also should it is in tied to the earth. "Common" suggests an arbitrarily voltage recommendation with no connotation around its voltage loved one to earth. One can have lot of commons in a schematic, but earth is earth.

Obviously there are cases where "ground" is provided to average what ns defined over as "common". Would certainly those situations be wrong? does my use of terminology complement standard usage?


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The lowly NAND gate has a pin dubbed GND and there"s no factor to intend it have to be linked to: -

Ground, Earth, Chassis,0V or Common

I don"t think there is standard intake other 보다 in protective planet points: -

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There are, in fact, two unique concepts:

(1) the circuit reference node which has, by definition, a node voltage the 0V. All other node voltages are referenced come this node. It is the node that one associate the black lead that one"s voltmeter as soon as measuring a node voltage.

(2) an "infinite" resource (or sink) for electric charge through an unchanging potential.

It is, unfortunately, the situation that both principles go through the name "ground". Favor you, I like the "common" because that the an initial concept and also "ground" (some usage "earth" for an obvious reason) for the second.


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All this signs indicate a certain return path.

This is a return with the earth to recommendation power (lowest potential).

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Used through true earth ground (NEC) to execute absolute voltage measurements. In lungemine.com we often use this together a generic symbol, including only mess in measurements. Supplied for perceptible signals or power leakage.

The correct symbol because that high current return (common) is this one

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often called “chassis earth” and also it is a an easy thick wire or the steel chassis that the circuit is mounted. This suggest used for measurements as common. You can imagine a dual power supply.

Another kind of return is the “floating return”

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or the optional
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This is largely used as signal common and also it is separated come analog and digital usual then connected together to a single point ground.


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The two signs that you show are essentially synonymous. I have actually seen them offered interchangeably. Occasionally in a given schematic, one symbol will be used for analog ground and also the other for digital ground. It is approximately the documentation or schematic note to describe exactly what is meant, and how the grounds room ultimately connected together. They should certainly both constantly be used to explain the same nominal potential, which would be the zero potential that the circuit.

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Circuit grounding is basic at the challenge of it yet gets associated when friend look at details.

the

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price is the most generic and also "common" one. The other one
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is just a variant of it. IEEE defines the latter as "signal ground" but in practise there room no resolved meanings, different companies and also individual designers may use one or the other. What these space usually offered for is if you"ve got various "grounds", you desire to do it clear what they"re referering to just by looking at the schematic. You an extremely well may have actually separate signal ground, what many world do is to just name the ground net e.g. PGND, SGND.

Very regularly you have got "earth" i.e. Chassis floor

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which may or may not be isolated indigenous the circuit ground. That"s whereby shielded connectors attach to. There are different schools of believed whether chassis ground and circuit ground must be coupled galvanically, via caps/ferrites or not at all. Chassis soil may affix to the mains protective earth (PE) depending on how your machine is powered.

Mains and PE is frequently isolated from your circuitry so girlfriend don"t gain electrocuted in the lab and shorts connected directly to mains have tendency to have more spetacular outcomes 보다 the same quick via isolating AC/DC converter would.