Although plenty of languages can trace their roots earlier to Latin, over there are 5 widely spoken romance language most civilization recognize. This romantic languages list contains these five, and a few others you may recognize.

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two woman with bicycles viewing roman inn Colosseum

What room the romance Languages?

The Romans created in Latin, but they likewise spoke a less formal version of the language, called vulgar Latin. As roman inn soldiers conquered and also fought in various parts of the old world, they took your language through them. The romance languages space all sport on vulgar Latin. Before 800 AD, this languages progressed in different parts that the world, acquisition their Latin roots and expanding with regional differences.

The hatchet “romance language” doesn’t describe saying “I love you” or finding the perfect partner. Instead, the word “romance” way “like the Romans.” also so, some romance languages, such as Italian, can be very romantic.


Considered to it is in the most similar to vulgar Latin of all the romantic languages, Italian is vital European language. Talked by about 67 million people, this language is closely tied come its old roots. The strong similarities may be due to proximity. Italy was the center of the roman inn Empire, so the Latin language did no have far to take trip to evolve right into Italian.

Italian shares lot of that is vocabulary through very comparable Latin words, and also sentence framework is also similar. Both languages have actually very similar words because that “book”:

Italian: libro

Latin: liber


If Italian is the most similar romance language come vulgar Latin, French is one of the the very least similar. The is thought about a “peripheral” romance language. However, that does maintain numerous important similarities v Latin. One is vocabulary. Although French vocabulary might sound different and look various than Latin, that is straightforward to see the connection in between the 2 languages once you compare individual words.

You deserve to see this similarity in the words because that “book” in both languages:

French: livre

Latin: liber


Spanish is additionally a romance language, having actually some aspects in usual with vulgar Latin. It came from the Western roman Empire, which regulated the Iberian Peninsula. Over there are much more than 480 million Spanish speaker worldwide, however subtle local variations further illustrate just how this language changes with time.

Still, there are far-ranging similarities, together you can see in the translate in of the word “book”:

Spanish: libro

Latin: liber


Also part of the western Roman empire on the Iberian Peninsula, Portugal to be the original residence of the Portuguese language. Now spoken by about 260 million civilization worldwide, it requires multiple dialects and also exemplifies just how language can evolve v time and distance. Over there are numerous similarities through vulgar Latin, however, particularly in the area of vocabulary.

The translate into of the word “book” shows how much Portuguese tho shares v Latin:

Portuguese: livro

Latin: liber


While Romanian is considered a romantic language, it has the the very least in common with Latin. That shares some vocabulary v vulgar Latin, but it also has some significant differences. This may be as result of the reality that many regions where civilization speak Romanian were no originally component of the roman Empire.

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You deserve to see the difference between Romanian and also Latin when you look at the translate in of words “book”:

Romanian: carte

Latin: liber

Other romantic Languages

Although they might not it is in on every romantic languages list, the following languages are considered to have actually romance language roots:

AragoneseAromanianAsturianArpitanCatalanCorsicanEmilianExtremaduranFala FriulianGalicianIstriotJèrriaisLadinLadinoLigurianLombardMindericoMirandeseNapoletano-CalabreseOccitanPicardPiedmonteseRomagnolRomanshSardinianShuaditSicilianVenetianWalloonZarphatic

Is English a romance Language?

English has actually plenty the words with Latin influence. In fact, countless important legit terms have actually Latin roots, and the English language in basic is complete of Latin root words. However, English is not a romance language. Instead, it is considered Germanic.

Living progeny of a Dead Language

Because it is no longer spoken, Latin is thought about a dead language. However, that distinction does naught to reduce its significance. In fact, many Latin words and also variations ~ above Latin words room still spoken today almost everywhere the world.