C) the persistence of finding out through the storage and retrieval of information.

D) the retrieval of stored information in specifically the same type in i m sorry it to be encoded.

You are watching: Which pioneering researcher made extensive use of nonsense syllables in the study of human memory?


The process of acquiring information into memory is referred to as

A) priming.

B) chunking.

C) encoding.

D) registering.

The procedure of retrieval refers to

A) the persistence of discovering over time.

B) the company of info into manageable units.

C) obtaining information the end of memory storage.

D) mindful repetition of info to be remembered.


The reasonably permanent and also limitless storehouse that the memory device is dubbed ________ memory.

A) sensory

B) long-term

C) flashbulb

D) implicit


As compared with long-term memory, temporary memory is ________ permanent and also ________ minimal in warehouse capacity.

A) less; an ext

B) more; much less

C) less; much less

D) more; much more


After looking increase his friend"s phone number, Alex had the ability to remember it just long enough to dial the correctly. In this case, the telephone number was clearly stored in his ________ memory.

A) echoic

B) momentary

C) flashbulb

D) longterm


To recognize the active information handling that wake up in momentary memory, researcher have defined it as ________ memory.

A) iconic

B) functioning

C) flashbulb

D) implicit

Encoding the occurs v no initiative or a minimal level of aware attention is known as

A) irreversible potentiation.

B) automatically processing.

C) state-dependent memory.

D) priming.


Effortful processing can take place only with

A) implicit memory.

B) conscious attention.

C) visual imagery.

D) chunking.


Encoding and also storing a friend"s brand-new cellphone number frequently involves

A) automatically processing.

B) flashbulb memory.

C) effortful processing.

D) mood-congruent memory.

When first introduced come someone, Marcel effectively remembers the person"s surname by repeating it come himself numerous times. Marcel provides use of a strategy dubbed

A) automatically processing.

B) creativity inflation.

C) the peg-word system.

D) rehearsal.


which pioneering researcher made considerable use of nonsense syllables in the study of human memory?

A) Freud

B) James

C) Loftus

D) Ebbinghaus


Ebbinghaus" retention curve best illustrates the worth of

A) chunking.

B) imagery.

C) rehearsal.

D) latent memory.


Students often remember much more information from a one-semester course 보다 from an intensive three-week course. This best illustrates the prestige of

A) the serial place effect.

B) automatically processing.

C) implicit memory.

D) the spacing effect.


On the telephone, Dominic rattles off a list of 10 grocery store items because that Kyoko to bring home native the store. Automatically after listening the list, Kyoko do the efforts to write down the items. She is most likely to forget the items

A) in ~ the beginning of the list.

C) in the middle of the list.

B) in ~ the end of the list.

D) in ~ the beginning and also in the middle of the list.

The process by which details is encoded through its definition is called

A) irreversible potentiation.

B) automatic processing.

C) rehearsal.

D) semantic encoding.


The acoustic encoding of words describes the processing of

A) sounds.

B) meanings.

C) letter images.

D) separation, personal, instance syllables.

Your ability to instantly recognize the voice end the phone together your mother"s illustrates the worth of

A) the spacing effect.

B) implicit memory.

C) acoustic encoding.

D) chunking.


Rephrasing text material in your very own words is one effective means of facilitating

A) semantic encoding.

B) mood-congruent memory.

C) proactive interference.

D) implicit memory.


Which the the adhering to questions around the indigenous pen would ideal prepare you to effectively remember tomorrow the you had actually seen the word in today"s test?

A) Does the word consist of 3 letters?

B) Is words written in funding letters?

C) Would words fit in this sentence: “The boy placed the ________ on his desk”?

D) Does the word rhyme with den?


We remember words the lend us to clear and distinct mental images far better than us remember summary low-imagery words. This finest illustrates the importance of ________ in the procedures of understanding and memory.

A) chunking

B) intuitive encoding

C) the spacing impact

D) permanent potentiation


Recalling the pleasurable high point out of an suffer while forgetting its more mundane moment helps describe

A) the self-reference effect.

B) resource amnesia.

C) rosy retrospection.

D) implicit memory.

Memory aids the involve the usage of lively imagery and clever means of organizing product are referred to as

A) semantic techniques.

B) above traces.

C) organizational cues.

D) mnemonic devices.

The organization of information into coherent units is referred to as

A) the spacing effect.

B) chunking.

C) permanent potentiation.

D) the pegword system.


The letter Y, M, O, M, R, E are presented. Jill remembers lock by rearranging them come spell words “MEMORY.” This offers an illustration of

A) chunking.

B) automatic processing.

C) the spacing effect.

D) the peg-word system.


By presenting research study participants with three rows of 3 letters each for only a portion of a second, Sperling demonstrated that human being have ________ memory.

A) state-dependent

B) flashbulb

C) top

D) latent


For a fraction of a second after the lightning speed disappeared, Ileana retained a lively mental picture of that is ragged edges. Her endure most clearly illustrates the nature the _______ memory.

A) above

B) flashbulb

C) explicit

D) latent


28. Sounds and also words that room not immediately attended to can still be recalled a couple of seconds later due to the fact that of our ________ memory.

A) flashbulb

B) echoic

C) implicit

D) iconic

Peterson and also Peterson asked human being to counting aloud behind after they were presented with 3 consonants. This examine finds that ________ storage will quickly disappear without energetic processing and also rehearsal.

A) irreversible

B) mood-congruent

C) momentary

D) flashbulb


Our immediate short-term storage for brand-new material is restricted to roughly ________ bits that information.

A) 3

B) 7

C) 12

D) 24


The person capacity for storing long-term memories is

A) essentially unlimited.

B) around equal to 7 units of information.

C) generally much higher in young children than in adults.

D) greatly lessened after human being reach the period of 65.


Exceptionally clean memories the emotionally far-ranging events room called

A) sensory memories.

B) flashbulb memories.

C) mood-congruent memories.

D) repressed memories.


Most american still have actually accurate flashbulb memory of the 9/11 terrorist attacks in 2001. This best illustrates that memory development is assisted in by

A) retrieval cues.

C) resource amnesia.

B) the serial position effect.

D) the body"s release of anxiety hormones.


Conscious storage of factual info is called ________ memory.

A) mood-congruent

B) procedural

C) explicit

D) latent


Many human being retain your classically conditioned fears without any conscious recollection of exactly how or once those fears were learned. This ideal illustrates ________ memory.

A) implicitly

B) temporary

C) sensory

D) state-dependent


Which that the adhering to offers the ideal explanation because that infantile amnesia?

A) The hippocampus is among the last mind structures to mature.

B) The emotional reactivity of infants inhibits the procedure of encoding.

C) The build-up of life experiences disrupts the retrieval of beforehand life events.

D) iconic memories critical for much less than a 2nd in infants.


An eyewitness to a grocery store robbery is inquiry to determine the doubt in a police lineup. Which test of storage is being utilized?

A) recall

B) relearning

C) acknowledgment

D) repair


Fill-in-the-blank test inquiries measure ________; matching concepts with their meanings measures ________.

A) recognition; relearning

B) recall; acknowledgment

C) recall; relearning

D) relearning; remind


The smell of freshly small bread awakened in Mr. Hutz vivid memories of his beforehand childhood. The aroma apparently acted together a powerful

A) echoic memory.

B) retrieval cue.

C) latent memory.

D) spacing effect.


The eerie sense of having previously knowledgeable a instance is recognized as

A) rosy retrospection.

B) the serial place effect.

C) mood-congruent memory.

D) déjà vu.


Lars was feeling depressed at the time he read a thing of his history textbook. Lars is likely to recall best the materials of that chapter once he is

A) depressed.

B) happy.

C) relaxed.

D) unemotional.


In describing what that calls the 7 sins the memory, Daniel Schacter says that encoding failure outcomes from the sin that

A) absent-mindedness.

B) transience.

C) blocking.

D) repression.

Austin can"t psychic Jack Smith"s name due to the fact that he wasn"t payment attention once Jack was formally introduced. Austin"s bad memory is ideal explained in regards to

A) proactive interference.

B) encoding failure.

C) retroactive interference.

D) resource amnesia.


Professor Maslova has actually so plenty of memories of former students the she has an obstacle remembering the name of brand-new students. The professor"s an obstacle best illustrates

A) retroactive interference.

B) mood-congruent memory.

C) proactive interference.

D) resource amnesia.

Retroactive interference describes the

A) decay of physical memory traces.

B) disruptive impact of previously learned material on the remind of brand-new information.

C) disruptive impact of brand-new learning on the recall of formerly learned material.

D) blocking of ache memories from conscious awareness.


Two people learned rash syllables and also then tried to recall them after approximately eight hours had actually elapsed. Jenkins and Dallenbach observed that forgetting developed least rapidly as soon as the individuals spent your time

A) physically exercising.

B) play a card game.

C) watching television.

D) sleeping.


Who emphasized that us repress anxiety-arousing memories?

A) Ebbinghaus

B) Loftus

C) Sperling

D) Freud


When Loftus and also Palmer inquiry observers of a filmed automobile accident how quick the vehicles were going when they “smashed” right into each other, the observers emerged memories the the accident that

A) omitted some of the most painful aspects of the event.

B) were much more accurate than the storage of observers who had actually not been instantly questioned about what they saw.

C) were affected by whether or not Loftus and also Palmer established themselves as police officers.

See more: How Much Is A 1900 Penny Worth Today? 1900 Indian Head Penny (Coin) : Everything Else

D) depicted the occasion as much more serious than it had actually been.


D) shown the occasion as an ext serious than it had actually been.

The misinformation effect refers come the

A) propensity to recall experiences the are continual with one"s current great or poor mood.

B) disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information.

C) the eerie feeling that “I"ve remained in this exact instance before.”

D) organization of misleading details into one"s storage of one event.


D) organization of misleading details into one"s storage of an event.

Researchers asked university students to imagine specific childhood events, consisting of a false occasion such together breaking a home window with their hand. They uncovered that

A) occasions from the distant past room less fragile to memory distortion than much more recent events.

B) world can quickly distinguish in between their own true and also false memories.

C) hypnotic pointer is an effective technique for specific memory retrieval.

D) that is surprisingly basic to lead world to construct false memories.


D) the is surprisingly easy to lead civilization to construct false memories.

After having seen countless pictures that the Lincoln Monument throughout his lifetime, Mr. Adams mistakenly recalled the he had actually actually saw the site. This best illustrates

A) source amnesia.

B) proactive interference.

C) implicit memory.

D) the self-reference effect.


A) resource amnesia.

Donald Thompson, one Australian psychologist, to be an initial doubt in a rape case. The rape victim confused her storage of Thompson and the actual rapist due to the fact that she had actually seen Thompson"s photo on TV shortly before she to be attacked. The victim"s false recollection finest illustrates

A) mood-congruent memory.

B) the spacing effect.

C) source amnesia.

D) the serial position effect.


C) resource amnesia.

Adults who have actually trouble remembering incidences of childhood sexual abuse have regularly been led by therapists to believe that their memory challenges are due to

A) storage storage failure.

B) the misinformation effect.

C) proactive interference.

D) repression.


D) repression.

Stressful life experience such as being raped are not likely to be

A) encoded.

B) repressed.

C) stored.

D) retrieved.
?????retrieved?
Mentally re-creating the mood that accompanied her original discovering of course product is an effective way to activate
retrieval cues.

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